For complete treatment of ankle injury in Carrollton TX, visit Dr. Keith A Heier. The orthopedic surgeon specializes in surgery and reconstruction of the foot and ankle. He performs complex reconstructions, including Fusions, Total Ankle Replacements and Arthroscopy. Read on to know more about the various ankle injuries treated by Dr. Heier.
Common Ankle Injuries & Disorders
An ankle fracture occurs when any bone in the ankle joint breaks or cracks. The main causes of this ankle injury are twisting of ankle, tripping, falling, overextension, rolling of the ankle joint or severe blow to the ankle. The symptoms include extreme pain in the ankle (which may “radiate” out to the knee and foot), swelling and difficulty in walking. As far as the treatment is concerned, the ankle doctor may recommend you to wear a cast for six to eight weeks. Once the cast is removed, you will be prescribed physical therapy to help restore the normal range of motion in your ankle joint. However, in case of severe damage to the ankle, surgery may be required to treat the broken bone with special screws or wires.
A bunion refers to a bony enlargement/lump on the side of the base of the big toe. This enlargement forces the big toe to curve towards to the other toes, causing difficulty while walking (particularly during the "push off" phase). Typical causes of this ankle condition include wearing narrow/ high-heeled shoes, being flatfooted, past trauma/injury to the foot, certain nerve and arthritic conditions. According to the foot doctors, most Bunions can be reduced or relieved without surgery. Reducing pressure on the bunion with arch supports and shoe inserts is the first step of the treatment. Using bunion pads may also help ease the pain. If a sufficient reduction in symptoms is not achieved by non-surgical treatment options, then surgery may be recommended.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles Tendon Rupture is a common injury in athletes who play recreational sports. In this injury, the Achilles Tendon (fibrous cord connecting the muscles in the back of the calf to the heel bone), gets ruptured. To name a few causes are poor fitting shoes, running uphill or on uneven ground, flat arches, tight calf muscles, repeated exercise or physical activity etc. A cast or a special hinged splint may be recommended by the doctor. If the fracture is severe or the ankle is unstable, it may be treated with surgery.
A sprained ankle occurs when one or more ankle ligaments get stretched or torn. Ankles are highly prone to getting sprained because of the small size of the joint and the forces exerted on it when walking, running and jumping, specially if the surface is uneven. Symptoms of this ankle injury may include pain, swelling and bruising. For treatment, the ankle doctor my suggest you to follow PRICE treatment (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevate) and avoid HARM (heat, alcohol, running and massage).
Gout is a painful medical condition characterized by inflammation in the ankle joint. The symptoms include severe pain, swelling, tenderness, red and shiny skin around the affected area. You may also get mild fever. According to foot and ankle specialists, the condition is more common in men, particularly those between 40 to 50 years of age. Left untreated, the condition can cause permanent damage to the joint. Doctors may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which can help reduce pain as well as inflammation around the affected joint.
Tips to avoid ankle injuries:
The foot and ankle surgeon in Carrollton suggests the following measures to help prevent injuries of the foot or ankle:
Wear proper fitting shoes, designed specifically for your foot type and activity.
Avoid running on uneven surface.
When running on uneven ground, wear hiking shoes/boots.
Avoid slippery floors.
Warm up prior to any sports activity.
For comprehensive orthopedic treatment for ankle and foot conditions in Carrollton TX, call at (972) 492 – 1334.