Dr. Keith A. Heier is a board certified orthopedic surgeon specializing in treating various conditions of the foot and ankle. He is also experienced in diagnosing and treating sports related injuries.
His expertise lies in treating:
Common Sports Injuries
Reconstructive Foot and Ankle Surgery
Total Ankle Replacement
Lower Extremity Trauma
Although there are many types of injuries that players can suffer from, yet the knee, elbow and shoulder are more likely to get wounded or injured during play. Given here are some of the common sports injuries and the ways to prevent them.
Possibly the most common injury among sports persons is a muscle pull. When a severe and sudden force is put on the muscle or it is stretched beyond its normal capacity, it results in a muscle pull. Even if the players follow a proper warming up session and perform stretching exercises, they are still likely to pull a muscle due to fatigue, overuse or as a result of a fall. A Muscle Pull can cause a lot of pain and discomfort.
: You can prevent a Muscle Pull by maintaining good muscle strength and flexibility. Warming up properly before practice and not overstraining your muscles is also helpful.
This is a common injury occurred due the overuse of the tendons which are located at the rear of the ankle, causing acute pain and swelling. If not treated, it can worsen and hamper the ability to run. Achilles Tendinitis is common among athletes who are involved in a lot of jumping and running.
: Doing appropriate strengthening and stretching exercises for the calf muscles can help prevent this injury.
It refers to the pain on the internal side of the Tibia (Shin bone) as a result of soreness of the muscles surrounding it. The injury can be caused by overstraining your muscles or due to working out beyond your physical capacities. It can also occur due to wearing torn or uncomfortable shoes, or by running on a hard surface.
: You should wear comfortable shoes and follow a proper workout routine including stretching exercises to prevent Shin Splints.
ACL, or Anterior Cruciate Ligament, can get injured when an athlete makes sudden movements such as twisting, running, jumping or by landing abruptly on the ground. The condition may cause pain and swelling to the affected area.
: The player should avoid making abrupt movements, increase muscle strength and flexibility and do muscle training exercises to prevent ACL injuries.
Hamstring Pull, Strain or Tear
There are common injuries among players who are involved in sports that demand great and sudden speeding up, slowing down or a good deal of running. The injury occurs due to over stretching of the soft tissues or muscle fibers and causes intense pain at the back of the thigh.
: To prevent this, you should thoroughly warm up and stretch before and after a workout, avoid drastic changes in movements and perform specific exercises to strengthen your hip flexors.
This is also a common injury that occurs in sports like football, volleyball, basketball, hockey, mountain climbing and ice skating. Ankle Dislocation occurs as a result of a direct or indirect blow to the foot or ankle. Symptoms of this injury include intense pain, bruising, numbness, weakness and visible deformity in the anatomy of the foot.
: To prevent Ankle Dislocation, you should avoid falls, wear protective gear while playing and do regular exercise to maintain joint strength and flexibility.
For comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries, visit Dr. Heier. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle doctor, call at (972) 492 – 1334.